By 2030, the commitment to reduce carbon emissions has not reached the target.
A recent report from the United Nations has issued a significant warning, forecasting that by 2030, carbon emissions will decrease by less than 2%, a small figure compared to the 43% target set by the Paris Agreement. Governments worldwide face criticism for not making substantial progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, a crucial goal to mitigate the worst impacts of climate change.
The need to reduce carbon emissions becomes even more challenging when it is necessary to maintain global warming within approximately 1.5°C, a level deemed critically important by the scientific community to avoid unforeseen consequences. The report also warns that despite governments committing to emission reductions through Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), by 2030, projected emissions are expected to increase by 9% compared to 2010.
Ahead of the COP28 climate summit, this report is not only a warning signal but also a significant challenge posed to the international community. "COP28 will be a historic turning point in this crucial decade," as evaluated by Sultan Al Jaber, Chairman of the UAE National Oil Company.
However, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has condemned the global stagnation in ambition over the past year and emphasized that current national climate plans are entirely inadequate based on scientific evidence. "The gap between demand and action is more threatening than ever," noted Mr. Guterres.
A spokesperson from the Helsinki-based Center for Energy and Clean Air Research added to the conversation, highlighting that China's carbon dioxide emissions could start decreasing structurally from early 2024, notably due to record installations of renewable energy sources. This is not only positive news for China but also a positive sign for the global community, especially as the carbon dioxide emissions of China and the United States are seen as key to achieving global climate goals.
However, the challenge remains significant, and the world is facing an urgent task to enhance efforts and global cooperation to prevent climate change and safeguard the future of the planet.